Myopia is blurry long-distance vision, often called “near-sightedness”. Without glasses or contacts on, a person with myopia can see clearly up close, but objects or words far away are fuzzy. Higher myopia reduces the quality of life and is more costly to correct with glasses and contact lenses. Glasses or contacts can make distance vision clear, but the conversation shouldn't stop there.
Genetics, environment, and the individual’s characteristics can all contribute to myopia progression. The biggest changes in near-sightedness occur in kids and teens. Higher levels of near-sightedness are associated with a higher risk of eye diseases later in life, such as glaucoma or retinal detachments. We have treatments available that slow myopia progression to reduce your child's risk of high-myopia and the associated diseases.
The first step after your child's comprehensive eye examination is to schedule a Myopia Control Consultation. This consultation allows the opportunity to discuss the various treatment strategies available for myopia control, risks factors associated with the development of high myopia, and potential sight-threatening complications that can occur with high myopia. The best treatment strategy is selected based on spectacle prescription, corneal curvature, level of current myopia and past myopic data, as well as family ocular history. The strengths and limitations of each treatment strategy are discussed, as well as the overall treatment goals. The fee for this visit will be applied toward further treatment costs if the treatment plan is pursued with Reno Family Eye Care.
With any of the treatment options, the health status and refractive status of the eye should be evaluated at least annually, but will likely require more frequent examinations throughout the year to ensure the chosen treatment plan is working effectively.
Orthokeratology (OrthoK) Treatment
Paragon CRT© therapeutic lenses will gently and non-surgically reshape your corneas as you sleep. OrthoK Treatment has a 32-100% effect on slowing myopia progression, depending on the study.
Typically, we expect to see 90% of the vision changes within the first week of treatment and full treatment within two weeks. Some eyes will require a longer period of time to obtain maximum treatment levels. Thereafter, the lenses will have to be worn routinely to maintain treatment vision.
Myopia Control Soft Contact Lens Treatment
Myopia control soft contact lenses have a 36-50% effect on slowing myopia progression, depending on the study.
For this treatment, soft Myopia control contact lenses are used to analyze and optimize the fitting relationship between the contact lens and the front surface of the eye. Visual performance for both distance and near based work is evaluated. At the initial evaluation, we provide instruction for the application and removal of the lens, and the patient will have the opportunity to work with our trained technicians to practice these techniques.
Atropine treatment has a 30-77% effect on slowing myopia progression, depending on the study.
Prior to the introduction of atropine, the patient’s pupil size, accommodation (near focusing ability), and visual performance will be evaluated. Low concentration atropine drops will be made at a compounding pharmacy and will be instilled at home as prescribed by your eye doctor.